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The Ukrainians are becoming big xenophobes


The Ukrainians keep up a high level of xenophobia against Roma and Jews while tolerance to Russians decreased. This is confirmed by the monitoring results of the Institute of Sociology of NAS of the Ukraine, held annually since 1992.

«We are seeing a disturbing trend. In the late 80s there was general reverence, sublime, humanistic attitude to ethnic groups, which lasted until the mid-1990s. Since 2002 there is a sharp decline in tolerance,» – said Deputy Director of the Institute of Sociology of NAS of the Ukraine Nikolay Shulga.

According to monitoring data, the tolerant attitude (by the criterion of willingness to accept into family and have a friend) to the Jews in 1992-1994 was kept approximately by one third of Ukrainians in the whole country. In 2002 there were a sharp drop in this indicator – 3 times, and since then this value has not increased.

Tolerance to the Russians showed about 80% of respondents in 1992-1994. In the years of 2000-2002 this figure decreased to 45%, and almost unchanged to this day.

Tolerance to Roma has never been particularly high – about 11% in the early 90s. Subsequently, this value was fixed at 2% and remains almost stable.

Shulga also announced the figures on xenophobia (firm conviction that members of certain ethnic groups should not be allowed in the Ukraine) in respect of the above nationalities. Thus, in the late 80′s xenophobic attitudes toward Jews expressed 10% of Ukrainians, at the beginning of the 2000s this figure has increased almost 2 times – up to 18%.

In the central regions of the Ukraine tolerance to Russians fell more than 2 times. In the east, there have been less noticeable fluctuations in the indicator relating to Russians, and now it makes up about 70%.

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